been exposed to HIV within the last 72 hours? HIV can be prevented with HIV PEP treatment.
HIV Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) or HIV Prevention
is the use of antiretroviral (ARV) medications to prevent or to stop
the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from entering and infecting the
body after exposure.
(ARV) medications or antiretroviral therapy (ART) has become the
standard of care for healthcare workers who have had accidental
occupational exposure to HIV for e.g. needlestick injuries or contact of
mucous membrane or exposed skin to potentially infectious material such
as blood or bodily fluids.
Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) has also been offered to people who have had
non-occupational exposure to HIV for e.g. sexual exposure or injection
A non-occupational high-risk exposure refers to:
any unprotected anal or
vaginal intercourse, receptive oral intercourse with ejaculation with a partner
known to be HIV-infected, or in HIV risk group (commercial sex workers, IV drug
users, men who have sex with men/ bisexual men) or
sharing of or exposure to contaminated needles
sexual assault (rape)
HIV PEP treatment has been shown to decrease the odds of HIV transmission with an exposure by 81%.
HIV PEP should be started as soon as possible after exposure
up to 72 hours. The ideal time period to start PEP is within 24 hours from
exposure, although it has been shown to be effective up to 72 hours
post-exposure. The earlier HIV PEP is started, the more effective it is in
preventing HIV transmission and infection.
Exposure and Estimated Risks
Needle stick injury: 1/300
Receptive anal intercourse: 1/100
Receptive vaginal intercourse: 1/1000
Insertive vaginal intercourse: 1/2000
Insertive anal intercourse: 1/2500
Receptive fellatio with ejaculation: 1/2500
Sharing needles: 1/150
Generally, exposures to
saliva, urine, tears and sweat are not thought to be infectious, and the risk
of HIV transmission from splashes of contaminated fluids to mucosal surface or
non-intact skin has not been accurately quantified, although it is likely to
HIV PEP Treatment
This is a typical HIV PEP treatment process at our clinic:
Consultation - To advise if you are a right
candidate for HIV PEP treatment
Rapid HIV test - To ascertain that you are
currently HIV negative
Baseline blood tests - To make sure that
vital organs are functioning normally. If you are generally healthy,
taking HIV PEP treatment would not cause any problems to your health.
START PEP TREATMENT - Daily medication for a
month (A combination of 2 – 3 antiretroviral drugs)
Follow-up blood and HIV tests - after 1 month
and 3 months post-exposure
For a private consultation with our doctors on whether you
are a suitable candidate for PEP treatment, please call us for an appointment.
HIV PEP treatment costs are from $2000.
For HIV PEP treatment, visit us at Nuffield Medical Siglap.
All consultations are strictly private and confidential.
Please call 66363083 or email email@example.com.